According to the Department for Work and Pensions, there were 2.4 million people claiming Employment and Support Allowance (ESA) in February 2016. ESA is a benefit paid to those who have difficulty finding a job because of long-term illness or disability.
Of these claims, 49% were for “mental and behavioural disorders”, a category which includes conditions such as anxiety, stress and depression. A further 12.7% were for “diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissues”, which includes claims made for back pain.
However, it is unlikely that those with either back pain or a mental health condition would be able to make a successful claim on a Critical Illness policy, even if it stopped them working.
You receive a cash lump sum from a Critical Illness policy, so although the benefit amount is not linked to your earnings and can be as large as you can afford the premiums for, the sum will be finite and you might have to make it last for a considerable length of time depending on the nature of your illness. Once you have claimed on a Critical Illness policy the policy is terminated, so there is no way of repeat claiming.
A long-term Income Protection policy will pay a monthly income for as long as it takes for you to become well enough to return to work, or until the policy cease age, usually your retirement. Providing you have own occupation cover, the policy will payout if any medical condition prevents you from doing your own job.
If you have a large, fixed debt to settle, such as a mortgage, a Critical Illness policy would work well to repay the mortgage as soon as you make the claim. The money can also be available immediately if you have to make any modifications to your home to accommodate the disability that triggered the claim.
Critical Illness policies tend to cover between 35 and 60 critical illnesses. What is defined as ‘critical’ and what would therefore result in a successful claim varies between insurers, and some insurers will assess the severity of your condition to make sure it is in line with their terms before making a payout.
Income Protection covers a far wider array of conditions than Critical Illness, not all of which have to be ‘critical’. These conditions can include back pain or mental health problems, as long as they prevent you working; both conditions are among the most common claims on Income Protection policies. To make such claims on a Critical Illness policy, you’d have to suffer to the extent of a “total and permanent disability”, which is not always easy to fulfil.
“Diseases of the circulatory system”, which includes both heart attacks and strokes, were the sixth-most common reason for claiming ESA but accounted for just 3.8% of all successful claims, or 90,100 in total. Cancer was the seventh-biggest reason for claiming; it accounted for 2.4% of all ESA claims in February 2016 or 55,890 in total.
In comparison, that same month there were 1.2 million people claiming ESA for mental and behavioural disorders and 308,900 people claiming for musculoskeletal issues.
Though Critical Illness policies have their value, it is clear that the biggest reasons for claiming on them — cancer, heart attacks and strokes — account for only a small minority of the population claiming ESA because they are too ill to work.
More common issues by far are mental health and musculoskeletal issues, which in almost all cases would not likely be covered by a Critical Illness policy.
Tom Conner, Director at Drewberry, comments:
“With the two most common reasons for claiming ESA being mental health complaints and musculoskeletal problems, if you’re looking to protect your income it makes sense to have a policy that covers you for these issues. For Critical Illness cover, there are just too many scenarios that could happen to a customer medically that would fall outside the scope of the policy.
“Although we’ll always look at each client’s individual circumstances before advising them, that’s why we’d usually recommend the vast majority of working adults take out an own occupation Income Protection plan to cover their financial obligations if they are rendered unable to work for practically any medical reason whatsoever.”
Very good service from Rauri – he has been very helpful and thorough.