Cookie Use

Drewberry™ uses cookies to offer you the best experience online. By continuing to use our website you agree to the use of cookies. If you would like to know more about cookies and how to manage them please view our privacycookie policy.

What is a Defined Benefit Pension?

My dad has a defined benefit pension. It seems having a final salary pension means he’ll never run out of money in retirement, no matter how long he lives. Is this the case? Which companies offer defined benefit pension plans and can I join one?

Question asked by Ms I Goodman

What Does a Defined Benefit Pension Mean?

It’s fairly simple to explain defined benefit (DB) pensions. They’re pension plans where the benefit you’ll receive (plus typically inflationary increases over time) is defined on your date of retirement.

There are two types of defined benefit pensions:

  • final salary pension is a pension where your post-retirement benefit is based on your salary at retirement
  • career average defined benefit pension is a pension where the post-retirement benefit is based on the average of your salary across your career with that employer.

Defined benefit schemes are often called final salary schemes, but the terms aren’t technically interchangeable — final salary schemes are actually a type of defined benefit scheme. However, as final salary schemes are the best known the name has tended to stick!

How Do Defined Benefit Pensions Work?

You’re right in that your father’s pension won’t ever technically run out of money.

A defined benefit pension works by building up an entitlement to a retirement income throughout your working life rather than an actual pot of retirement savings to live off.

That means a defined benefit pension plan is essentially a promise from your employer to pay a pension for life and not a finite pot of cash, as with a defined contribution pension plan.

At retirement, the defined benefit pension fund promises to pay the employee (i.e. your father) a guaranteed income for the rest of his life, which will usually be indexed to prevent his income being eroded by inflation.

Which Companies Offer Defined Benefit Pensions?

The bad news is that final salary pensions are workplace pensions set up by your employer; you won’t be able to get one of these by yourself. Your employer must offer a defined benefit pension scheme — and one that is still open to new members — as this is the only way to get a defined benefit pension.

Very large employers and the public sector are the only real source of DB pension plans these days, and even some of those are closing their doors to new members.

As people live longer, the promise to pay out indefinitely has become expensive, so companies are worried about defined benefit pension affordability and under-funding.

Calculating Final Salary Pensions

The income you’ll get from a defined benefit pension is based on three factors:

  • Number of years you’ve been working for that employer and contributing to their pension scheme
  • Your pensionable earnings (for final salary schemes, this is your salary at retirement; for career average schemes, this is your mean salary across your career)
  • Your pension scheme’s accrual rate (the proportion of your earnings you’ll receive for each year spent in the scheme, usually represented as a fraction, e.g. 1/80th).

The common calculations for working out how much your defined benefit pension is worth are below.

Defined Benefit Scheme Calculation

Number of years in scheme

33 years

Pensionable Earnings

£60,000 final salary

Scheme accrual rate

1/80th

30 years * £50,000 * 1/80th
An annual income of £24,750

Can I Leave My Final Salary Pension Scheme?

You can do a defined benefit pension transfer to leave your final salary scheme, but you must think carefully before doing so. You’ll be giving up the promise of a lifetime income, which should never be taken lightly. For this reason, it won’t be right for most people.

However, you don’t have to stay in your pension scheme and leaving is possible. In fact, now may be a better time to do so than in the past.

Given final salary pensions are an expensive long-term promise, many pension funds are offering attractive cash equivalent transfer values to encourage members to leave the scheme in exchange for a pot of cash.

This is in the wake of recent economic shocks that have impacted DB pension plans’ ability to achieve a return on investment.

To discover more on what today’s high CETVs mean for your final salary pension, click here. If your father has received a CETV and wants to know whether his offer is good value he can use our Defined Benefit Pension Transfer Calculator.

Our Services & Tools

Your Financial Plan

Who Are Drewberry?

Our purpose is simple: Improve your financial wellbeing. We use technology to bring your financial future to life and provide a visual plan of where you are today, where you want to go and what's necessary to achieve this.

📥 Financial Plan Brochure

Pension Pot Calculator

Pension Pot Calculator

How much will your pension be worth when you retire? Use our Pension Calculator to work it out and get a free copy of our Guide to a Richer Retirement.

  • £
  • £
Discuss your results with our experts
Receive our Guide to a Richer Retirement

Pension Drawdown Calculator

Book Your Financial Planning Demo

Book a demonstration to see how our experts use advanced financial modelling software to maximise our clients financial wellbeing and keep them on track for the future they deserve 🤓

Calendar
Pension Drawdown Calculator

When will your income drawdown pension run out? Enter the anticipated size of your pension pot at retirement and follow these easy steps to calculate how long your pension will last.

  • £
  • £
Discuss your results with our experts
Receive Our Making Sense of Pension Income Drawdown guide

Final Salary Calculator

Final Salary Pensions Transfer Calculator

Find out how much your final salary pension might be worth in today's money if you considered accepting a cash equivalent transfer value from your scheme.

  • £
Discuss your results with our Pension Experts
Receive Our 2019 Guide to Final Salary Transfers

Book a Demo

Book Your Financial Planning Demo

Book a demonstration to see how our experts use advanced financial modelling software to maximise our clients financial wellbeing and keep them on track for the future they deserve 🤓

Calendar
Contact Us
Head Office & Pensions and Investments
Millennium Bridge House
2 Lambeth Hill
London
EC4V 4GG
Personal Insurance & Accounts Payable
Telecom House
125-135 Preston Road
Brighton
BN1 6AF
Drewberry London Office MapDrewberry Brighton Office Map
Our Core Principles
  • 1You Come FirstWe are a client focused business who always aim to put you first.
  • 2We are ExpertsTo provide you with the best advice, we need to know our stuff!
  • 3We are HumanWe are real people with feelings who are here to help you.
  • 4We are ProfessionalProviding a 5-star service requires a professional approach to everything we do.
  • 5We are here to EducateWe don't believe in sales, we are here to educate so you can make informed decisions.